Bioguia Mallorca

Das ökologische Portal der Insel


If we now consider the different types of landscapes in Mallorca, we have to take the mountains of the Sierra de Tramuntana, which has the Puig Mayor, with 1445 meters the highest point of the Balearic Islands,

the great plain of Mallorca, known as Pla and ist  deferred from the southeast to northeast of the small mountains of the Sierra de Levante. In addition, we have the Albufera and Albufereta wetlands and coastal ecosystems such as the beach of Es Trenc, rocky Calas de Mallorca or the islands of Cabrera and Qragonera, which in turn have a very unique flora and fauna. As on many islands in the Balearic Islands, there are also animals that only occur there, such as the Balearic warbler, the Balearic Shearwater, the Balearic lizard or a plant, the Balearic Islands and St. John’s wort, the Balearic Islands and the Balearic Islands and crocuses, or cyclamen. Scientifically it is called endemism. So in short, the Balearic Islands also a “small Galapagos”.

If we now consider the landscape history in motion, in particular the Tramuntana Mountains and the Llevant were covered with oak forests that were cut down gradually to win charcoal, which in winter more rough than the houses were heated. The charcoal was used, among other things, in the Kalksteinöfen for the production of bricks.

There, where the holm oak forests could not regenerate, there is today Sekundärvegetionen (a kind of substitute group of plants) as the maquis, scrubland or desert-like stone corridors. In many places the fast-Aleppo pine was planted, which is indeed native to the Mediterranean region, against the oak tree, however, has little chance of growth. The man has promoted the planting of Aleppo pine in particular because these are used well for the ship or suitable construction. In the maquis, incidentally, there are also oaks, but they also grow up to be no big trees. In the maquis is bushland, which can reach a height of one to five meters and then home to the typical Mediterranean flora, such as rock rose, gorse, Phoenician juniper, laurel, wild olive, or even the strawberry tree. The scrubland in turn, consists of dwarf shrubs and is a kind of natural herb garden. You’ll find such well-known species such as thyme, rosemary or even the tree spurge, to name but a few species. The Felsfluren or the coastal plains will accommodate most bulbs and tubers like the asphodel. In spring and winter, but there can also flourish like the flowers of cyclamen and bluebells. With a little luck you can find in all these formations, plants and orchids.

Here we will introduce you to plants that usually you will notice when visiting the Balearic Islands or in the wider Mediterranean region. .
Maybe you will if you want to know more and more, will be encouraged to participate in a holiday on a botanical excursion. Immerse yourself in the incredibly strong fauna of this unique region.

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